IELTS Listening Test 3 - Section 4

SECTION 4


Questions 31-40
Complete the notes below
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Behavior of Dolphins

- almost 40 species of dolphin
- found (31)
- usually in shallower seas
- carnivores

SOCIALISING
- very sociable and live in pods
- super-pods may have more than (32) dolphins
- have strong social bonds
- help other animals - Moko helped a whale and calf escape from (33)
- have been known to assist swimmers

CULTURE
- discovered in May 2005 that young bottlenose dolphins learn to (34)
- dolphins pass knowledge from mothers to daughters, whereas primates pass to (35)

AGGRESSION
- dolphins may be aggressive towards each other
-Like humans, this is due to disagreements over (36) and competition for females
- Infanticide sometimes occurs and the killing of porpoises

FOOD
- dolphins have a variety of feeding methods, some of which are (37) to one population
- Methods include:
  • herding
  • coralling
  • (38) or strand feeding
  • whacking fish with their flukes
PLAYING
- have a variety of playful activities
- common behavior with an object or small animal include:
  • carrying it along
  • passing it along
  • (39) away from another dolphin
  • throwing it out the water
- may harass other animals
- playful behavior may include other (40) such as humans



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