months after use of a suspect drug. If the serotonin level, which is lowered as a result of the use of many drugs, fails to return to normal, then it is probable that the drug in question has caused damage to the cells of that part of the brain. Ecstasy has been implicated in causing brain damage in this way, but in most cases the serotonin level returns to normal, albeit after a long time.
These early concerns led to the drug being classified as extremely dangerous, and although the results of the research were doubted by some and criticized as invalid, no attempt was made to change the classification. However, the latest available data regarding permanent brain damage in humans who have taken Ecstasy regularly over many years (as little as once a week for four years) seem to justify the cautious approach taken in the past. The psychological effects of taking Ecstasy are also a major cause for concern. It is clear that the mind is more readily damaged by the drug than is the body. It is not difficult to find occasional or regular users of the drug who will admit to suffering mental damage as a result. Paranoia, depression, loss of motivation and desire, bouts of mania - all are common, and not unusual side effects of the drug.
Write your answers in boxes 32 - 35 on your Answer Sheet.
The first one has been done for you as an example.
a) has increased
b) has decreased alarmingly
c) has decreased
d) has increased a little
a) drugs change the way the body reacts
b) the British Medical Journal has reported seven deaths caused Ecstasy
c) Ecstasy alone was responsible for the 14 deaths in Britain
d) Ecstasy causes changes to the body
a) is usually fatal
b) is less dangerous than the authorities believe
c) is harmless when used as a dance drug
d) none of the above
a) people with pre-existing conditions
b) too much fluid in the body
c) overheating of the body
d) all of the above
a) show damage to the kidneys
b) cannot provide absolute proof of the effect of the drug on humans
c) are cruel and have been discontinued
d) have yet to indicate long term brain damage
Using information from Reading Passage 126, complete the following sentences using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS. Write your answers in boxes 36 - 40 on your Answer Sheet.
Q37. Cellular damage to the brain is detected by measuring the amount of
Q38. The serotonin level of Ecstasy users takes a long time to
Q39. One of the positive effects of taking Ecstasy is that it can
Q40. Ecstacy produces no withdrawal symptoms even though it is
Answers The Above IELTS Academic Reading Test Questions:32. c
37. (the chemical) serotonin
38. return to normal
39. free the personality/ liberate someusers/ remove one's defenses
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